Genesis Chapter 19, vs. 30-38 with Betty

Lot and His Daughters

 30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.

37 And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.

38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

Today’s reading is the story of Lot and his two daughters after they escaped the destruction of the evil city of Sodom.

Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar.  (Did he think the citizens might be suspicious because only his family had escaped Sodom?)

For whatever reason, Lot took his daughters and went up into the mountains. His daughters had no husbands and were alone with their aging father. Because they wanted to preserve the family line, they devised a plan to get Lot drunk on wine. Then one night the older daughter went to his bed and the next night the younger did the same.

Abraham, being drunk, was not aware that his daughters entered his bed or what took place there.  Both daughters became pregnant by their father. Moab was the son of the elder and Ben-Ammi was the son of the younger.

The two daughters were able to continue their family line by their trickery.

This seems unbelievable to me in today’s world, but the world of that time was very different as shown in this and many other bible stories.

 Betty Killebrew

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Genesis Chapter 19, vs. 15-29 with Betty

 15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.

16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the Lord being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord:

19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:

20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anything till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.

23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

24 Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven;

25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

27 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the Lord:

28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

When morning came to Sodom after the night when Lot gave his protection to the angels, the angels urged him to leave and take his family with him, warning them that if they did not leave they would be destroyed along with the city.

Lot hesitated, but the “men” took hold of the hands of Lot, his wife and his two daughters and led them safely out of the city.  They then told Lot and his family to run quickly to the mountains.

Lot feared he would not make it as far as the mountains before he would be overtaken by the disaster, so he pleaded to be allowed to flee to a nearby small town and his request was granted.

Lot reached the town of Zoar by the time the sun had risen.  It was then that the Lord rained burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah which this scripture says came from the Lord out of the heavens.  (Burning sulfur?  Could this have been an erupting volcano?  Even if it was, it was still at the hand of God.  Even today, no one can predict a volcano accurately, but God and his Angels knew of whatever disaster actually befell Sodom and Gomorrah beforehand.)

Lot’s wife perhaps did not believe in the word of the Lord as strongly as he did.  She “looked back” and became a pillar of salt.

Later, from the spot where Abraham had stood and pleaded with the Lord for mercy upon any righteous souls he might find in Sodom, Abraham was able to see the city burning like a furnace.  But God had remembered Abraham and his pleas and had delivered Lot from the catastrophe.

It occurs to me here that if you love someone who is facing certain disaster, the best action you can take is to pray for them—even plead for them—to the Lord. Abraham showed us that God does care for and takes care of his own.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis Chapter 19, vs. 10-14 with Betty

 10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the Lord; and the Lord hath sent us to destroy it.

14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

At the end of yesterday’s reading, Lot was standing at the door of his house trying to fend off the angry men of Sodom who wanted him to release his two guests to them for sexual purposes.

In today’s reading, Lot is rescued by his guests who pull him into the house. Demonstrating that they weren’t ordinary men, the guests struck the men clamoring to get in with blindness so they couldn’t find the door.

The angels then warned Lot of the coming destruction of Sodom and urged him to leave the city and take anyone in the city that belonged to him away with him.

Most of us would probably not believe such total destruction was about to happen but Lot believed.

He went to the men who were pledged to marry his daughters and told them this, but they didn’t believe him.  They thought he was joking.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis Chapter 19, vs. 1-9 with Betty

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

1And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.

3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,

7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.

8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

The two angels who had accompanied the Lord to visit Abraham went on to Sodom where they found Lot sitting in the gateway of the city.  Lot straightway offered them the hospitality of his home but they planned instead to spend the night in the square.  Lot insisted they come to his house.  Perhaps his insistence was because he knew the bad things that could befall them if they spent the night out in the open.

But the angels did go into Lot’s house for the night and he prepared a meal for them. Later on that night, men came from all over Sodom and demanded that Lot send the men out so they could have sex with them.  (Remember, this is the origin of the word “sodomy.”)

Lot must have known they were angels for he protected them to the extent that he offered the crowd of men his own daughters as a substitute for the “men” to whom he had offered the protection of his house.

Today’s reading ends with the scary scene of a crowd of angry men of Sodom pushing at Lot in the doorway as they tried to force their way in.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 18, vs. 22-33 with Betty

 

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the Lord.

23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?

25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

26 And the Lord said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes:

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty’s sake.

30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.

31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty’s sake.

32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake.

33 And the Lord went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

In yesterday’s reading we learned that the Lord and the men with him had turned toward Sodom so the Lord could see if the city was as evil as the outcry he had heard  against it indicated.  Abraham followed after them for a short while and pleaded with the Lord to spare the city for the sake of the righteous souls that might be there.

It is amazing to think that in Abraham’s day the Lord visited and walked and talked with humans.  It is also difficult to imagine what temerity Abraham must have felt in approaching the Lord face to face with objections to his plan of action, but never-the-less, that’s what Abraham did.

First he inquired if the Lord would spare the city for the sake of fifty righteous people.  When the Lord agreed to do so; Abraham kept asking him again, each time with a lower number of righteous people until finally the Lord agreed to spare the city if he found there 10 righteous souls.  Abraham then returned home.

While reading about this, I found myself wondering what motivated Abraham to exhibit such courage in the very face of the Lord as to plead for righteous people who might live in the wicked city.  Was it because his close relative Lot and his family lived in Sodom?

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 18, vs. 16-21 with Betty

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

 16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

17 And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

20 And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My thoughts:

The story about Abraham pleading for Sodom is a lengthy one so I broke it up into two days reading.

In this first portion, the Lord and the men with him set out on the way to Sodom and Gomorrah, the two wicked cities, to see if they are as bad as the outcry the Lord has heard about them. Abraham walks along with them.

The Lord does not keep his mission from Abraham.

It seems to me that by allowing Abraham to know what he was about to do, the Lord was able to fulfill at least two different purposes.  Not only can he punish the wicked people of the two cities, he can also give a lesson to Abraham and his household about the results of living a wicked life.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 18 vs. 9-15 with Betty

 9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.

10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.

11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

13 And the Lord said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

14 Is any thing too hard for the Lord? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

When the Lord told Abraham that he would return in one year and that Sarah would have a son at that appointed time, Sarah laughed just as Abraham had when he heard this news. She believed that she and Abraham were too old to have a child.

The Lord asked Abraham why Sarah laughed and doubted his word.  He said, “Is anything too hard for the Lord?”

Sarah was afraid and lied to the Lord saying that she did not laugh, but of course the Lord knew she was not telling the truth.

From this we can be reminded that the Lord always knows when we doubt him and that we cannot lie to him either.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 18, vs. 1-8 with Betty

The Three Visitors

1 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent when he noticed three men standing nearby.  When Genesis Chapter 18 tells this story, it speaks of the three men, as “The Lord” appearing to Abraham.

I am led to believe that Abraham recognized these messengers for what they were; but whether he did recognize them or not, according to the scripture, he made haste to offer them the best refreshment he could.

He offered them cakes of fine meal and selected a calf for a servant to prepare.  It seems he did not join his guests in the meal but stood near them while they ate.

Abraham was not only hospitable he was humble in dealing with his heavenly guests.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 17, vs. 15-27 with Betty

 15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.

16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.

17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.

22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

Just as God changed Abram’s name to Abraham, he changed Sarai name to Sarah and he promised Abraham a son by her. This was very amusing to Abraham because he was an old man and Sarah was beyond child bearing years.

Abraham wished for God to give his blessing to Ishmael, his son by Hagar, because he did not believe that Sarah would truly have a child.

When God assured him that he would also bless Ishmael and greatly increase his number but that Sarah would bear a child named Isaac with whom God would establish an everlasting covenant, Abraham was satisfied that God would deal with him as he had said.  On that same day he and every male in his household was circumcised as God had instructed. This included Abraham himself and his thirteen year old son, Ishmael.

I find myself wondering if Abraham told all the men of his household that it was by instruction of God that the circumcision was ordered.  Did anyone protest?  If so, Abraham must have been both powerful and resolute to compel all the males to undergo this painful procedure.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 17 vs. 9-14 with Betty

 9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

In verses 9  and 10 of Genesis Chapter 17 God gives Abraham a covenant to keep. He tells Abraham that he and all of his descendants thereafter shall be circumcised.  The order extends to every male person in the household, whether born into the household or purchased. God tells Abraham that any male who is not circumcised, one who breaks God’s covenant, will be cut off from the people.

I believe that when we think of circumcision, we generally think of it as a symbol.  Certainly, circumcision of a male is a sign that in those days would have been a true and certain sign that the male was a descendant of Abraham.

I think there may be even more than this to God’s plan.  Not only did he assure that the people would recognize one another and thereby remain a cohesive community; but, as we now know, circumcision provides some protection from certain diseases.

By decreeing that a boy be circumcised at the age of 8 days, God assures that the procedure will take place after the baby has a few days to grow in strength but before he is able to fear the pain.

God’s wisdom was both infinite and practical.

Betty Killebrew

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