Exodus 3 v. 16-22 with Betty

16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt:

17 And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.

18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The Lord God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.

19 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.

21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty.

22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.

K.J.V. Bible Text

 My Thoughts:

 In Exodus Chapter 3, beginning at Verse 16, God explains to Moses how he is to go to Egypt and assemble the elders of Israel to tell them the Lord  has seen what has been done to them in Egypt and that he has promised to bring the Israelites out of Egypt and into the land of the Canaanites—a land flowing with milk and honey.

God continues his instructions, telling Moses to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, that the Lord God of the Hebrews met with them.  They are to ask the king to allow them to take a journey into the wilderness to make sacrifices to the LORD.

Knowing that the king would not let them go unless compelled to do so, the Lord promised to stretch out his hand and perform wonders among them so that the king will let them go.

He also promised them to favorably dispose the Egyptian people toward the Israelites so that when they left they would not go empty handed. He told them to have every woman ask her neighbor for articles of gold and silver and for clothing.  Thus the Israelites would be able to plunder Egypt.

While we know that Moses has previously shown himself willing to fight for the Hebrews, we also know that he left Egypt in fear for his own life. Now by the will of God, he is asked to return to Egypt and remove their slaves from under the heels of the Egyptian people.  Even for a brave, strong man with God on his side, Moses must surely have wondered how all this was going to work out.

 Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 3 v. 9- 15 with Betty

 9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.

10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.

11 And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?

12 And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.

13 And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them?

14 And God said unto Moses, I Am That I Am: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I Am hath sent me unto you.

15 And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

 K.J.V. Bible Text 

 My Thoughts:

 God explained to Moses that he had heard the cry of the Israelites and had seen the ways they were oppressed by the Egyptians.  He told him he was sending him to Pharaoh to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.

Moses answer indicates that he doubts Pharaoh will respect his mission to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.

God told Moses he would be with him and that once he had gotten the people out of Egypt he would return to worship on that very mountain.

Moses is then concerned that the Israelites will question his authority to take them out of Egypt.  He asks God to tell him his name in order to relay this to the Israelites.

Here God expresses his might authority as the one and only God saying “I AM WHO I AM.”  He told Moses to tell the Israelites that he was sent by the Lord, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 

When reading this passage, it is clear that there is no power greater than that of the Lord.  He is the God of the Israelites and he is the Lord over all.

Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 3 v. 1-8 with Betty

Moses and the Burning Bush

Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.

2 And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.

3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.

4 And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.

6 Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

7 And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

K.J.V. Bible Text

 My Thoughts:

 While Moses was tending his father-in-law’s flocks he crossed to the far side of the wilderness to Horeb, the mountain of God.  There he saw a bush burning but the bush was not being consumed by the flames.

When he went to look closer, God called to him from within the bush, calling him by name.

When Moses answered the call of God, God told him not to come closer and to take off his sandals because he was standing on Holy ground. It says in the scripture that Moses hid his face “because he was afraid to look at God.”  Because we know that Moses was a fearless fighter for causes of justice, it must have been a truly awe inspiring visitation from God to have caused him fear.

The Lord told Moses that he had seen the misery of his people in Egypt and he came down to rescue them from the Egyptians and take them to a land flowing with milk and honey—the home of the Canaanites.

Of course, the land God told Moses about was the same land that he had promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 

We know it was not happenstance that caused Moses to spy the burning bush.  I am certain that God created that rendezvous himself.  Perhaps even years earlier when Moses was set adrift by his mother upon the Nile, God had been planning to raise a powerful person, familiar with the ways of the Egyptians, in order to use him to lead the Hebrew nation out of Egypt.

 Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 2 v. 16-25 with Betty

16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.

17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.

18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?

19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.

20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.

21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.

22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.

23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

 A priest of Midian had seven daughters.  They came to the well where Moses was in order to draw water for their flocks but shepherds drove them away.  Once more, Moses sprang to the side of justice and drove the shepherds away.  He then watered the flocks for the seven sisters.

Because of his help, the girls returned to their father early.  Their grateful father invited Moses to eat.

Moses agreed to stay with the man and was given the priest’s daughter Zipporah in marriage.

I certainly wonder about all this.  The scripture, at least in this version, does not mention if the priests had sons or not, but it would seem that if there had been sons, they would not have allowed the shepherds to prevent their sisters from obtaining water for the flocks. Whether there were sons or not, under the circumstances of their being so many daughters, the arrival of a strong and willing male guest must have been extremely pleasing to their father.

When Zipporah gave birth to a son, Moses named him Gershom, because he was a foreigner in a foreign land.

After a long while, the king of Egypt died and the Israelites cried out for help because of their slavery.  God heard their groaning and was concerned about the Israelites.  He remembered his covenant with Abraham.

Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 2 vs. 11-15 with Betty

11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.

12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.

13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?

14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.

15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.

 K.J.V. Bible Text

 My Thoughts:

 Although Moses was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter, he apparently was not ignorant of his Hebrew heritage.

When he had grown up, he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew. He looked around and seeing no one watching killed the Egyptian and hid his body in the sand.

To me, the act of killing the Egyptian is indicative of a duality of feeling that Moses must have had. He undoubtedly had a part of him that identified with the Hebrews.  On the other hand, he showed the effects of being raised as a person of privilege, someone who deemed it his right to exact justice when he saw the need.

Later, when Moses saw two Hebrews fighting, he asked the one in the wrong why he had hit the other. The Hebrew indicated that he did not accept the authority of Moses.  He asked him if Moses planned to kill him as he had the Egyptian.

Moses realized his deed of killing the Egyptian was known and he was afraid. In fact, he had incited Pharaoh to anger and Pharaoh tried to kill him.  Moses escaped by fleeing from Pharaoh and going to live in Median where he sat down by a well.

Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 2 vs. 1- 10 with Betty

The Birth of Moses

22 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.

2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.

3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.

4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.

5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river’s side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.

6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews’ children.

7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?

8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child’s mother.

9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.

10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son.

K.J.V. Bible Text

 My Thoughts:

At a time when the Pharaoh was demanding that all Hebrew baby boys be put to death, a son was born into the house of Levi.  His mother saw what a fine child he was and hid him for three months.  When she couldn’t hide him anymore, she put him in a reed basket coated with tar and pitch and put the basket in the Nile.  (I note here that she actually followed Pharaoh’s instructions in a small way.  She did put her son into the Nile as Pharaoh ordered for all Hebrew boy infants, but by putting him into the floating basket she gave her child a chance to live.)

Pharaoh’s daughter saw the floating basket and sent attendants to bring it to her.  When she opened it she found the baby.  He was crying and she felt sorry for him even though she realized he was a Hebrew baby.  Perhaps she thought that saving one little baby would not seriously disturb her father.

Meanwhile, the sister of the little baby had been watching to see what became of her brother. She came forward and offered to find a nursemaid for the baby.  When Pharaoh’s daughter agreed, the little girl ran and brought her own mother.  Pharaoh’s daughter told her to take the baby and nurse him and she would pay him. 

The baby’s own mother was thus able to nurse him until he grew old enough to leave her side. Then she took him back to Pharaoh’s daughter and the child became her son. She named him Moses.

This oft-told story is one I consider to be one of the most touching in the Bible, showing how it does the wonderful providence of the Lord for those who keep his ways.

Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 1 vs. 15-22 with Betty

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:

16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.

20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.

22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.

K.J.V. Bible Text

My Thoughts:

 Eventually the Egyptians feared the strength of the Israelites so much that they attempted to convince the midwives who delivered Israelite babies to kill all the boy babies.  The midwives feared God and did not do this.  To cover their unwillingness, they told the king that the Israelite women were so vigorous that their babies were born so quickly they came even before the midwives arrived.

Pharaoh allowed the midwives to continue in their calling and the people increased and became even more numerous.  Finally, Pharaoh ordered that every Hebrew boy would be thrown in the Nile at birth but the girls would be allowed to live.

As I read this sad happening I realize that through many years, God must have been preparing the Israelites to resist the Egyptians because no matter what happened to them, they continued to increase in number. It is obvious that God did not forget his chosen people at any time.

Betty Killebrew

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Exodus 1 vs. 1-14 with Betty

The Israelites Oppressed

1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,

3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.

13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:

14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

 My Thoughts:

The first chapter of Exodus begins by renaming all the sons of Jacob who went to Egypt with him when Joseph was already in Egypt.  There were seventy descendants of Jacob in the original settlement at Goshen.

Over the years, Joseph, his brothers and all that generation passed away. A new king took over Egypt to whom Joseph meant nothing.

The Israelites were fruitful and multiplied and as they grew in numbers they became a threat to the Egyptians.  The Egyptians were concerned that at some point the Israelites would turn their strength against them so they made them slaves, putting slave masters over them.  From then on, the Israelites were oppressed, forced to do labor, to build cities for Pharaoh and do harsh labor with bricks and mortar.

The more the Israelites were oppressed the more they multiplied and spread. The ill feeling of the Egyptians against them grew stronger.

The Israelites of course had their own culture and believed in the one true God.  It is not surprising that they came to be outsiders in the land of Egypt where the culture was so different.  Once again I realize the amazing power of Joseph in his ability to bridge the gap between these two worlds.

Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 50 vs. 22-26 with Betty

The Death of Joseph

22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’s house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years.

23 And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph’s knees.

24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.

25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.

26 So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

K.J.V. Bible Text

 My Thoughts:

Joseph and all his father’s family remained in Egypt.  Joseph died there at the age of one hundred and ten years.  He lived to see the third generation of Ephraim’s children and also the grandchildren of Manasseh. Through all this time, Joseph remembered the promise of God to give the Israelites the land they promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Joseph knew he would die in Egypt but requested of the Israelites that they carry his bones away from Egypt.

After Joseph’s death, he was embalmed and laid to rest in a coffin in Egypt.

Thus ends the book of  Genesis.

If any of my readers have been with me since the beginning, you know that we have been a long time reading Genesis. Now that we have completed it, I feel a great sense of accomplishment—and tomorrow we begin reading Exodus. 

 Betty Killebrew

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Genesis 50 vs. 15-21 with Betty

Joseph Reassures His Brothers

15 And when Joseph’s brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him.

16 And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did command before he died, saying,

17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.

18 And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said, Behold, we be thy servants.

19 And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: for am I in the place of God?

20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive.

21 Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.

K.J.V Bible Text

My Thoughts:

 As I read about the alarm that Joseph’s brothers felt because of fear that now that Jacob was dead Joseph would want to pay them back for the evil they had done to him, I wonder if perhaps the deceit they had practiced when they sold Joseph into slavery still existed.  The scripture says, “So they sent word to Joseph, saying, “Your father left these instructions before he died: ‘This is what you are to say to Joseph: I ask you to forgive your brothers the sins and the wrongs they committed in treating you so badly.”

As I did not notice  anywhere in the prior scripture that Jacob had actually left such instructions, I’m assuming they were lying in order to “save their hides.”

Joseph was a very wise man however;  and he saw the true reason why God had allowed him to be sold to the Egyptians.  He realized God had allowed them to act upon their intent to harm him in order to accomplish the good he had in mind, that of saving many people from the famine.

Joseph promised to continue to care for his brothers.

Betty Killebrew

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